Table of Contents


Ecosystems are functional units, which consist of biotic and abiotic components, and they interact with each other for sustenance. Ecosystems can be divided into two types:

  • Natural Ecosystem
  • Artificial Ecosystem

Natural Ecosystem

A natural ecosystem is an interaction between the environment and the organisms living in the environment. It occurs naturally in nature and requires no human activity for its functioning. Examples of natural ecosystems include ponds, rivers, forests, etc.

Read more about the natural ecosystem.

Artificial Ecosystem

Artificial ecosystems are human-made structures where biotic and abiotic components are made to interact with each other for survival. It is not self-sustaining and can perish without human help. Examples of artificial ecosystems include aquariums, agriculture fields, zoos, etc.

Now that we know a little about both ecosystems let us look at their differences.